Coal is a flammable black hard rock used as a solid fossil fuel. It is mainly made up of 65-95% carbon and also contains hydrogen, sulphur, oxygen and nitrogen. It is a sedimentary rock formed from peat, by the pressure of rocks laid down later on top. The harder forms of coal, such as anthracite, are metamorphic rocks because they were changed by higher temperature and pressure
2. Iron ore
Iron ore fines are extracted from the Iron ore mines which are available naturally in the form of Rock Mountains in some parts of the world. Iron ore fines are of around 0-10 mm in size. 98% of the mined Iron ore is used to make steel.
Lump is the natural – 30mm x +6mm fraction of iron ore that is produced predominantly from Direct Shipping Ore (DSO = ore that is mined and crushed and screened, only, before being sold).
Iron ore pellets are spheres of typically 6–16 mm (0.24–0.63 in) to be used as raw material for blast furnaces. They typically contain 67%-72% Fe and various additional materials adjusting the chemical composition and the metallurgic properties of the pellets.
3. Manganese Ore
Manganese is a chemical element with symbol Mn and atomic number 25. It is not found as a free element in nature; it is often found in minerals in combination with iron. Manganese is a metal with important industrial metal alloy uses, particularly in stainless steels.
Atomic Symbol: Mn
4. Chrome Ore
Chromite is an iron chromium oxide: FeCr2O4. It is an oxide mineral belonging to the spinel group. Magnesium can substitute for iron in variable amounts as it forms a solid solution with magnesiochromite (MgCr2O4), substitution of aluminium occurs leading to hercynite (FeAl2O4).
Lead concentrate (flotation galena) is produced in the process of flotation enrichment of zinc-lead ores. It contains max 9% of H2O. It is dark blue, its granulation ranges from 0-0,2mm and gravity is approx. 6g/cm3.
Copper concentrates are used as raw materials in copper smelting, copper concentrates have a copper content of about 30% by weight. Copper concentrates are made mostly from sulfide ores.
Zinc concentrate with a majority zinc base component. Preparation of zinc concentrate typically involves the removal of water from an zinc solution.
A billet is a length of metal that has a round or square cross-section, with an area less than 36 in2 (230 cm2). Billets are created directly via continuous casting or extrusion or indirectly via hot rolling an ingot or bloom.
Rebar (short for reinforcing bar), collectively known as reinforcing steel and reinforcement steel, is a steel bar or mesh of steel wires used as a tension device in reinforced concrete and reinforced masonry structures to strengthen and hold the concrete in tension. Rebar’s surface is often patterned to form a better bond with the concrete.
Wire rod is one of hot rolled steels classified by shape. In general, wire rod is ring-shaped coiled steel with diameters ranging from 5.5mm to 42mm. Wire rods over 14 mm in diameter are especially called ‘Bar in Coil’.
Cold Rolled Coils
Cold rolling is another metal working process at temperatures that are close to normal room temperature; deform metal by passing it through rollers. Cold rolling often used to decrease the thickness of steel plate or steel sheet, and increase the metal’s yield strength and hardness.
Hot Rolled Coils
Hot rolling is a metallurgical process that mainly to produce steel sheet or Steel Plate, after being passed between a set of work rolls, the billets are simply deformed or cut into steel plate, and the rolling temperatures would be over 1,000 degrees Fahrenheit.
The Iron plate is a material that can be made by smelting iron ore in a furnace. It is a component or subcomponent of almost every item in Factorio, and it is recommended to create a large stockpile when possible. When smelted in a furnace for a second time, iron plates will transform into steel plates, with a ratio of 5 iron plates per 1 steel plate.
A slab is a length of metal that is rectangular in cross-section. It is created directly by continuous casting or indirectly by rolling an ingot on a slabbing mill. Slabs are usually further processed via flat rolling, skelping, and pipe rolling. Common final products include sheet metal, plates, strip metal, pipes, and tubes.
Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element in the boron group with symbol Al and atomic number 13. It is a silvery-white, soft, nonmagnetic, ductile metal. By mass, aluminium makes up about 8% of the Earth’s crust.
Atomic Symbol: Al
Copper is a malleable, ductile, metallic element having a characteristic reddish-brown color: used in large quantities as an electrical conductor and in the manufacturing of alloys, as brass and bronze.
Atomic Symbol: Cu
Lead is a chemical element with atomic number 82 and symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum). It is a heavy metal with a density exceeding that of most common materials; it is soft, malleable, and melts at a relatively low temperature.
Atomic Symbol: Pb
Nickel is a chemical element with symbol Ni and atomic number 28. It is a silvery-white lustrous metal with a slight golden tinge. Nickel belongs to the transition metals and is hard and ductile.
Atomic Symbol: Ni
A Tin is a soft faintly bluish-white lustrous low-melting crystalline metallic element that is malleable and ductile at ordinary temperatures and that is used especially in containers, as a protective coating, in tin foil, and in soft solders and alloys.
Atomic Symbol: Sn
The chemical element of atomic number 30, a silvery-white metal which is a constituent of brass and is used for coating (galvanizing) iron and steel to protect against corrosion.
Atomic Symbol: Zn
Lumber or timber is a type of wood that has been processed into beams and planks, a stage in the process of wood production. Lumber may be supplied either rough-sawn, or surfaced on one or more of its faces. Besides pulpwood, rough lumber is the raw material for furniture-making and other items requiring additional cutting and shaping.
Polyvinyl chloride also known as poly vinyl or vinyl, commonly abbreviated PVC, is the world’s third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer, after polyethylene and polypropylene.PVC comes in two basic forms: rigid and flexible. The rigid form of PVC is used in construction for pipe and in profile applications such as doors and windows. It is also used for bottles, other non-food packaging, and cards (such as bank or membership cards). It can be made softer and more flexible by the addition of plasticizers, the most widely used being phthalates. In this form, it is also used in plumbing, electrical cable insulation, imitation leather, signage, phonograph records, inflatable products, and many applications where it replaces rubber. Pure polyvinyl chloride is a white, brittle solid. It is insoluble in alcohol but slightly soluble in tetrahydrofuran.
Sulphur is a naturally occurring element that supports more efficient use of the Earth’s resources. It is a critical plant nutrient in agriculture, a key ingredient in sustainable urban development, and an essential input in efforts to slow the loss of productive farm land due to soil degradation.
Phosphorite, phosphate rock or rock phosphate is a non-detrital sedimentary rock which contains high amounts of phosphate minerals. The phosphate content of phosphorite (or grade of phosphate rock) varies greatly, from 4% to 20% phosphorus pentoxide (P2O5). Marketed phosphate rock is enriched (“beneficiated”) to at least 28%, often more than 30% P2O5.
DAP fertilizer is an excellent source of P and nitrogen (N) for plant nutrition. It’s highly soluble and thus dissolves quickly in soil to release plant-available phosphate and ammonium. A notable property of DAP is the alkaline pH that develops around the dissolving granule.
Chemical Formula: (NH4)2HPO4
Urea, also known as carbamide, is an organic compound.This amide has two –NH2 groups joined by a carbonyl (C=O) functional group.
Chemical Formula: CO(NH2)2
Potassium chloride (commonly referred to as Muriate of Potash or MOP) is the most common potassium source used in agriculture, accounting for about 95% of all potash fertilisers used worldwide. MOP has a high nutrient concentration and is therefore relatively price competitive with other forms of potassium.
Chemical Formula: KCl